Jasper is derived from the Greek word iaspis which means “spotted stone”. Jasper is an ornamental rock composed mostly of chalcedony. Other minerals give it colorful bands and patterns. Jasper is found in all colors including: red, brown, pink, yellow, green, grey/white and shades of blue and purple. Jasper was a favorite gem in the ancient world; its name can be traced back in Hebrew, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Latin.
Jasper is often named according to its pattern: landscape jasper, ribbon jasper, picture jasper, and orbicular jasper are the names of other varieties.
It was believed that wearing jasper strengthened the stomach. Jasper was also believed to cure gynecological problems, and drive away evil spirits.
Jasper along with other stones, is used in mosaic pictures for table tops and small wall panels. It was also used to make bowls, and objects to adorn buildings.
Jasper is found in Oregon, California, Wyoming Idaho, Washington, and Utah.