Citrine’s name is derived from “citron,” a lemon-like fruit. Citrine is a variety of quartz; colors range from pale yellow to yellowish-brown and “Madeira” red. The most popular fashion colors are the vivid yellows and oranges. It is often mistaken for yellow or golden topaz. Citrine is readily available, very affordable in large sizes and stands up well to daily wear. Its earthy tones complement many wardrobes. Citrine is often seen in jewelry combined with amethyst, blue topaz and pink tourmaline.

People once carried citrine as a protective talisman against the plague, bad skin and evil thoughts. It was also used as a charm against the bites of snakes and other venomous reptiles. Citrine is said to rid the holder of anger and sadness. It also served to protect him or her from sudden death.

The leading producer of citrine is Brazil.


The name tourmaline comes from the singhalese word “tura mali”.In translation , this means something like stone with mixed colors , referring to the color spectrum of this gemstone.

Black tourmaline (schorl )is the most common variety . but there are also other varieties , such as the blue (indicolite ) , red (rubellite ), green , brown , and white . the red and green varieties when tranparent are valued as jewels . the green tourmalin has been increasing in popularity in recent years

Multi – colored and bi- colored tourmaline crystals are fairly common. Crystals may be green at one end pink at the other , or green on the outside and pink inside : this type is called watermelon tourmaline some forms of tourmaline are dichroic , which menas that when thy are viewed from different directions , they change color .

According to an old Egyption legend the tourmaline , on its long journey from the center of the Earth , passed over a rainbow . That is what gave this stone its variety of colors.

Tourmaline is the gemstone of love and friendship . it is said to render them firm and long -lasting.<

Tourmaline is found almost all over the world . there have been finds in Tanzania , Mozambique, Zimbabwe , Nigeria , Brazil , Madagascar, Sri Lanka , kenya, Afghanistan , Pakitsna , and South and South -west Africa.California and Maine in the United States are aslso sources for tourmaline.