The name “topaz” is derived from the Greek Τοpáziοs, or from the Sanskrit and means fire.
It is a fluorine aluminum silicate and comes in yellow, yellow-brown, honey- yellow, flax, brown, green, blue, light blue, red and pink … and sometimes it has no color at all. The color in which the topaz is most commonly found is yellow.
The topaz has been known for at least 2000 years and is one of the gemstones which form the foundations of the twelve gates to the Holy City of the New Jerusalem. These so-called apocalyptic stones are intended to serve in protection against enemies and as a symbol of beauty and splendor. It cannot be proved conclusively whether the name of the topaz comes from the Sanskrit or the Greek, though the Greek name ‘topazos’ means ‘green gemstone’. The Romans dedicated the topaz to Jupiter.
Topaz was believed to heal mental and physical disorders. Brazil, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Russia are the main sources for topaz.