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The name "topaz" is derived from the Greek Τοpáziοs, or from the Sanskrit
and means fire.

It is a fluorine aluminium silicate and comes in yellow, yellow-brown, honey-
yellow, flax, brown, green, blue, light blue, red and pink ... and sometimes it
has no color at all.  The color in which the topaz is most commonly found is

The topaz has been known for at least 2000 years and is one of the
gemstones which form the foundations of the twelve gates to the Holy City
of the New Jerusalem. These so-called apocalyptic stones are intended to
serve in protection against enemies and as a symbol of beauty and
splendour. It cannot be proved conclusively whether the name of the topaz
comes from the Sanskrit or the Greek, though the Greek name 'topazos'
means 'green gemstone'. The Romans dedicated the topaz to Jupiter.

Topaz was believed to heal mental and physical disorders.

Brazil, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Russia are the main sources for topaz.