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Jasper is derived from the Greek word iaspis which means "spotted
stone".  Jasper is an ornamental rock composed mostly of chalcedony.
Other minerals give it colorful bands and patterns. Jasper is found in all
colors including: red, brown, pink, yellow, green, grey/white and shades of
blue and purple.  Jasper was a favorite gem in the ancient world; its name
can be traced back in Hebrew, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Latin.

Jasper is often named according to its pattern: landscape jasper, ribbon
jasper, picture jasper, and orbicular jasper are the names of other varieties.

It was believed that wearing jasper strengthened the stomach. Jasper was
also believed to cure gynecological problems, and drive away evil spirits.

Jasper along with other stones, is used in mosaic pictures for table tops
and small wall panels.  It was also used to make bowls, and objects to
adorn buildings.

Jasper is found in Oregon, California, Wyoming Idaho, Washington, and
Utah.  
Jasper